Ethiopian Business Development Services Network (EBDSN)

 The Ethiopian Food Processing Sector

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 Overview of the Food Processing Sector  [top]                                                       


More details see on the UNIDO Food sector study for download under Library.

 

As the dominant manufacturing sub-sector, the food processing industry includes 9 industrial groups consisting of 200 factories (26%) with a total paid-up capital of Birr 2.5 billion (44%) and 19,000 employees (20%) of the total share of the manufacturing sector. Comprising only 18% of the total number of food factories, the public food factories dominate the sub-sector with 83% of total paid-up capital, 76% of GVP and 71% of employment. Foreign capital in the sub-sector, on the other hand, constitutes only 5.3%.

 

The food factories are located in close proximity to major urban centers such as Addis, Nazareth and Dire Dawa. Product lines include frozen, chilled and canned meats; pasteurized milk, butter and cheese; canned and fresh fruits and vegetable products; crude and refined edible oil; flour and bakery products, including spaghetti and macaroni; animal feeds; and sugar and sugar confectioner. The quality of these products are generally satisfactory, although the technology used tends to be largely old, with capacity utilization in the sub-sector averaging 58%.

 

Sugar processing; grain mill and bakery products industry; and meat, vegetable and fruit processing industries are the largest food industries, in that order. The sugar industry alone generates over 47% of the GVP and 35% of employment of the whole food-processing sub-sector.
 

Statistical overview

There is no staple food that is consumed throughout the country, but there are a great variety of cereals and other food crops consumed according to the food preferences of the different regions. The annual consumption per capita in wheat flour, bakery products and pasta is estimated as follows:

 

Estimated Annual Consumption ((kg per capita)

Product

Rural

Urban

Wheat ( white , milled )

10.609

9.28

Bread

0.131

4.82

Pasta 

0.097

0.63

Biscuits

0.050

0.04

 

The estimated consumption of the main urban centers of wheat flour, bakery products and pasta during the year is as follows (according to a 1995/1996 household survey) :

 

Estimated annual Consumption ( tons )

Item

Addis Ababa

Dire Dawa

Ethiopia

Wheat (white, milled)

59086

42955

625668

Bread

30572

4621

48341

Pasta

3983

865

10412

Biscuits

222

47

559

 

Production
Statistical data from the Central Statistics Authority (CSA) on the production of cereals are presented in the table below.

 

Production (thousand tons)

Item

1994-95

1995-96

1996-97

Cereals

9265

9359

7197

Barley

1123

951

983

Maize

3105

2928

2344

Sorghum

1 805

2038

1082

Millet

1723

  --

260

Teff

1793

2037

1329

Wheat

1112

1042

1143

Oats

84

67

56

Cultivated Area (thousand hectares)

7670

7436

6313

Average Yield (quintals per hectare)

12.1

12.6

11.4

 

The national production of processed cereals is tabulated as follows according to the statistical data from the CSA:

 

Product Gross Value of Production (thousand Eth Birr)

Grain Mill Products

369,145

Bakery

69.926

Macaroni, Spaghetti

52,579

 

In terms of food security, Ethiopia's total production of grain is not adequate to meet its demands, since national production only meets 65% of the country's requirements.

 

Imports
Ethiopia's structural grain deficit, which is only being eliminated slowly and with great effort, has necessitated a regular injection of imports the bulk of which are in the form of food aid. The following table shows statistical data obtained from the CSA regarding import of cereals :

 

Import of Cereals

Period

Quantity (thousand tons)

Value (thousand Eth Birr)

1986-1987

635

814,821

1987-1988

479

727,405

 

 


 Products and Companies  [top]                                                                                   


We identified over 50 leading companies in the Ethiopian Food Sector in the following sub-sectors:

  • Oil producing

  • Pasta, macaroni and biscuits

  • Local powder producing factories

  • Fruit and vegetables

  • Fish processing

  • Sesame

  • Live animal and meat export

Clich here for a detailed overview

 

 


 Food Sector Training Centers  [top]                                                                            


 

Name of Training Centers

Type of Training

Sub city / Kebele

Tel.

Hope Hotel consultancy and Training Center

Food + Beverage service & sales, Food preparation, Food & Beverage control, Front Office Operation, House keeping & Laundry,

Addis Ketema /33

152117

Entoto Technical & Vocational Training College

Food Preparation, Bread Baking

Gulele

238765

Tegbareid Technical & Vocational Training College

Food Preparation, Bread Baking & Pastry Preparation

Lideta

515475

General Winget Technical & Vocational Training College

Food Preparation, Bread Baking & Pastry Preparation

Kolfe-Keraniyo

792250

Higher 12 Medium Level Technical & Vocational Training Institute

Food Preparation

Yeka

140145/46

Higher 4 Medium Level Technical & Vocational Training institute

Food Preparation

Lideta

763713/14

Higher 7 Medium Level Technical & Vocational Training Institute

Bread Baking, Pastry Preparation

Addis Ketema

763806/08

Nefas-Silk Lafto Medium level Technical & Vocational Training Institute

Cooking, Bread Baking, Pastry Preparation

Nefas-Silk Lafto

402171

Misrak Medium Level Technical & Vocational Training Institute

Food Preparation

Yeka

181949

610392

 


 Export Markets  [top]                                                                                                      


Center for the Promotion of Imports of Developing Countries (CBI)

http://www.cbi.nl/  Exporters - Importers - Business Supporters
More see under Links

European Union Trade Promotion Website
http://export-help.cec.eu.int/

The European Union (EU) launched a online helpdesk to provide information on exporting products to the European markets.
More see under Links

Ethiopian Export Promotion Agency
www.ethioexport.org

 

Alibaba. E-Market for Food sales

http://www.alibaba.com/catalogs/2/Food_Beverage.html

 

 


 Supply Markets  [top]                                                                                                     


 

Orbital Food Machinery

http://www.orbitalfoods.com/

The UK's largest supplier and purchaser of quality new and used food machinery. Orbital Food Machinery are suppliers of all types of quality new and used food processing and packaging machinery.  We are able to supply most items directly from our huge stock of food machinery and equipment that includes:

mixers, grinders, slicers, dicers, vacuum fillers, metal detectors, breaders, bandsaws, graders, thermoformers, depositors, tray sealers, bowl cutters, fryers, spiral freezers, mincers, tumblers, formers, battering machines, meat recovery systems, derinders, membrane skinners, conveyors, fat analysers, refrigeration equipment, ovens, freezers, tables.

e-mail: sales@orbitalfoods.com

 

Alibaba - Market Place for Food processing machinery

http://www.alibaba.com/bin/sample/search?s=0&n=10&key=
Food+machinery&Country=&ShowCategoryNums=
10&ShowCategoryStart=0&Search.x=23&Search.y=11

 

 

 


 Food Sector Exhibitions and Trade Fairs  [top]                                                             


Food and Beverage
Trade Shows, Exhibitions, Fairs and Festivals, Conventions, Conferences and Seminars
Web Directory of Events, Products and Services

http://www.expocentral.com/food_and_beverage/industry_food_and_beverage.html

 

Biz Trade Shows
All about trade fairs in the agriculture and food sector. Tradefair calendar

http://www.biztradeshows.com/agriculture-food/

 

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